September 16th, 5 pm, Master Zhang took office. Sitting on your own car, open a network of online software, he has changed from an enterprise employee to a webmaster driver. \”After getting off work every day, it is also idle early, it is better to open a webmark, and you can earn some oil money.\” Master Zhang said to the reporter.
At around 8:00, Master Zhang hit home. \”I just put it as a secondary industry. If you feel tired, you will go home directly.\” Time is flexible, don’t delay your job, Master Zhang likes to open the Internet, and add some income every month.
Today, more and more office workers like Zhang started \”zero\”, and many people began to play \”zero\”. Net approximachuse drivers, takeaway rider, driving … Flexible employees have more and more, \”Zero Economy\” quietly.
From \”Zero\” to \”Zeco Economy\”
Take \”zero\”, Hao Li, who has been 60, I remembered my father. \”Father has a formal work, but after get off work, I will go to some factories. The store has some physical activity, earn a faster, and put the household.\” Old Li brothers and sisters 4 people, in that age, father is not easy.
Lao Li father experience, some people should understand, especially after \”50\” \”60\”. Even if you don’t have a personal experience, many relatives, friends have also experienced similar experience.
At the end of the 1970s, with the reform and opening up, township enterprises in the southeast coastal region of the country, but technology and equipment are very lacking.
So, government and enterprises hire engineers, solve technical problems, and improve product quality from factories and research institutions in Shanghai, Nanjing, Suzhou and other cities. These people are called \”Sunday Engineers\”. \”They usually work in their respective positions, using weekends to go to township enterprises part-time, helping companies attack hard.\” Peking University researcher Yan Ge said.
The economy is rapid, and \”zero work\” becomes more common. \”Although certain companies or factory use people demand is very large, but because information technology is not developed, it cannot be matched in time.\” 靳 戈 said.
This phenomenon of supply and demand is gradually broken because of the birth and development of the Internet, and began to develop to the \”zero work economy\”.
\”Zero Economy\” refers to the difference between the traditional \”nine nights\”, short, flexible work, using Internet and mobile technology to quickly match the supplier side.
Yan Fei, associate professor, Social Sciences, Social Sciences, Social Science, Tsinghua University, pointed out that the most important characteristics of \”zero-labor economy\” is the dependence on Internet technology, and its work is greatly expanded, including physical labor such as takeaway, express delivery, also Including work to remotely carry out business and delivery of online platforms, such as online legal and financial consultation, creative and multimedia services, online marketing support, software and technology development, writing and translation.
At the end of last year, the \”Development Status, Social Influence and Policy Suggestions\” issued by the Internet Age of Social Sciences Institute of Social Sciences, China showed that the \”zero-economic economy\” is increasingly promoting \”new employment\” The important force of the form and promotes the new growth point of the high-quality development of the national economy. In 2019, China’s \”zero-labor economy\” contribution to GDP’s total increase is 10.43%, and it is expected that by 2035, this proportion will increase to 13.26%, accounting for 6.82% of GDP.
\”Zero Economic\” This new state is sweeping around the world. Data show that in the US and Europe, 10% to 15% of the school-age work population passed the \”zero\” for their own lives, and 10% to 15% of those people play \”zero\” as the main business, the actual number of participants More than 160 million people.
\”A lot of hobbies can bring a lot of income\”
Traditional \”zero\”, adopted \”Enterprise-Employee\” model, enterprise offers position, personal application position. Say that individuals are still part of the company. The \”zero-industrial economy\” has changed this model, converting it to \”Platform – Personal\” mode, platform provider demand, personal choice. This is an upgrade to the traditional model, which can be published on the platform, or it can be an individual.
Taking the webmark car as an example, individual needs a car, publishing a vehicle demand in the webmark platform, the webmark driver will grab the order to satisfy the customer’s needs. Customer payment fare can be regarded as compensation. The courier, takeaway rider, driving, etc. are all new models.
\”Platform has become the medium of the work provider of the ‘zero-industrial economy and the docking of the demand side, which realizes the fast matching of supply and demand.\” Zhu Xiaheng, Associate Professor Zhang Xiaheng, Associate Professor, Northwest University of Political Science and Law, believes that this is a large number of supply capacity, labor time and skills Workers prefer an important reason for \”zero\”.
Xiao Yang is a programmer, love photography, often takes pictures around the camera while leisure. Take a good photo, Xiao Yang will upload some business picture website. Each time you downloaded once, you can get the corresponding division, and he can earn hundreds of dollars every month.
Not only that, with the improvement of technology, Xiao Yang has a little famous. Some commercial shooting activities will also find him to do a full-time photographer, and each time pay is from a few hundred yuan to thousands of yuan. \”I didn’t expect that a hobby can bring a lot of benefits for me!\” Xiao Yang smiled and said.
This is the charm of \”zero work economy\”. Remarks real-time settlement, and strictly follow the principle of more labor. For example, Xiao Yang, the more photos of the photos taken, the higher the income; the longer the business shooting activity he participated, the more the amount of the film, the higher the cost payment. \”Now many young people rely on the income of playing ‘zero\”, may be higher than this job. \”Yan Ge said.
The time is relatively free, the location is no longer fixed, the content is independent, etc.The characteristics of the zero work economy. There is also a feature of the Internet features – customer evaluation. Those \”zero-economic\” from the \”zero-industrial economy\” can harvest more opportunities and higher income.
[ According to this, more and more young people join the \”zero-industrial economy\”. The \”zero-industrial economy\” is the \”zero-industrial\” prelude, the young people are no longer satisfied with only one job in the previous year. There is only one identity. Some kinds of more, have time to try more careers based on their own abilities and interest.
Yan Fei said that \”zero economy\” is a emerging economic model Broadcase the limitations of traditional economic model in time and space, reducing market information delivery costs, providing employment opportunities for more workers, providing strong support for economic and social ordered operations.
Strengthening the employee The guarantee
Xiao Wang is a diagram teacher, belonging to a freelancer, uses an order-style cooperation model. \”If this time is inspired, I will take a few more, I feel more tired. Less contact, mainly watching your mood. \”Xiao Wang said.
Flexible working hours make Xiao Wang’s physical and mental, but it is also facing some problems, of which the biggest problem is social security.
With the further development of the\” zero industry economy \” Many people may choose to give up the main occupation and start full-time \”zero work\”. This phenomenon is increasingly common in webmarks, takeaways, live broadcasts and other industries, other freelance will have more full-time components. These practitioners’ pension insurance, medical insurance, etc., and how labor rights are guaranteed, and it is urgent to solve.
According to the data released by the Ministry of Minima, China’s flexible employment employees have about 200 million, and quite part is \”Zero Economic\” practitioners. According to relevant agencies, by 2036, \”zero-labor economy\” will reach 400 million.
Since last year, take-out riders due to high strength, low level guarantees Society is highly concerned. Many people began to reflect, calling for the labor rights protection of new state practitioners including \”zero-labor economy\”.
In July, the Ministry of Human and Social Security issued 8 departments issued \”About Guidance Opinions to Maintaining the Labor Security of New Employment Morphology Labor Security \”, clear\” to supervise companies to participate in social insurance according to law. Enterprises should guide and support new employment form workers who do not fully comply with the establishment of labor relations, according to their own situation, participate in corresponding social insurance \”; 7 departments of the State Market Supervision,\” Regulations on Implementing Network Catering Platform Responsibility Responsible for Takeaway Delivery Guidance, supervise the platform to participate in social insurance for the takeaway delivery of the labor relations, support other takeaway delivery staff to participate in social insurance.
\”If these ‘zero-industrial economies\” is not included in the social security system It will exacerbate the risk of population aging. \”靳 戈 said that only participating in social security, the worries of new state practitioners can effectively slowSolution, the overall consumption structure and population structure of society is expected to optimize.
The supervision of the company must also be implemented in place, preventing \”there is a policy and under countermeasures\”.In this regard, Zhang Xiaheng recommends that the relevant departments should increase the punishment of illegal violations, improve the \”zero-labor economy\” platform and enterprise employment environment, and earnestly protect the legitimate rights and interests of \”zero-industrial economy\” platform and enterprise employment environment.
In addition, there are many experts suggest that accelerate commercial insurance, especially commercial pension insurance.In May of this year, the China Silver Insurance Regulatory Commission issued a notice to carry out the pilot of the exclusive commercial pension insurance, from June 1st, in Zhejiang and Chongqing to carry out exclusive commercial pension insurance pilots.It is understood that exclusive commercial pension insurance will be more flexible in payment and receiving benefits, and more in line with the actual situation of flexible employees, which will provide more choices for \”zero economy\” practitioners.(Zhang Yizi)
Source: People’s Daily Overseas Edition