First, the main problem of farm
1. Farm information occlusion
Due to the occlusion of the tricky, – the proportion of breeding households and the tracery did not expand the export channel Ability and way. They are neither possible without time and effort to expand exports. Therefore, farming products mainly depends on local middlemen acquisitions. Of course, the price is completely controlled by them. In the end, some farmers will find their products can’t sell the price, which seriously affects the enthusiasm of their breeding, and restricts the development of production.
The breeding production is too dispersed, and the production method is still revealed
The main model of my country’s current livestock and aquatic breeding is the small scale of farmers. And the quality and safety of meat products brings huge hidden dangers, and also seriously shaded towards the popularity and planting of the advanced production technology such as animal and animal nutrition. The specific performance is not high, the meat product has a long production time, low productivity, and feeding costs. High and fresh meat quality is less exported.
3 breeding production structure, low economic benefits
On the one hand, the long-term close relatives have caused universal degradation of meat quality. For example, when livestock breeding, the animals are replaced by long-term close relatives and farstants. It is difficult to carry out improvement of domestic livestock varieties; on the other hand, some farms have a single livestock variety, directly affecting the individual production performance, disease resistance and livestock industry of livestock.
Animal aquaculture has become one of the major economic sources of farmers, but has not formed a completely independent feed industry, but still along the binary planting structure of a traditional food crop, with granules It is unlikely that the phenomenon of food generation is generally existed. The result is a waste of food, increasing cost, and reduces feed remuneration. According to relevant information, there is a significant gap between the feed conversion rate of animal farming and livestock ramp ratio and other indicators and developed countries. For example, a pig is 20%, and the chicken is 18%, and the eggs differ from 12%. This situation leads to a useful and limited resource, which reduces economic benefits.
4. Diseases are serious
The concept of disease prevention is very light or even, coupled with lack of scientific farming knowledge, and poorer growth environment, leading to high incidence of breeding varieties, resulting huge loss. According to the survey, some livestock died in the foot and mouth disease, highly pathogenic pig blue ear disease, swine fever and other infectious diseases, and died of trembling in river crab breeding in hundreds of millions of yuan.
5. Environmental pollution is serious
livestock and poultry is a greedy animal, much more, and there are many excretions. Therefore, as the breeding scale continues to expand, the large amount of animal discharge has increased most of the farmers without processing, severe shadowing, and some will lead to a variety of diseases. At the pond precatology, a large number of fecal excretions of the fish and fish will also lead to environmental pollution of animal farming in the breeding waters.These pollution mainly have cultivated land pollution, water pollings, atmospheric pollution, etc. At present, China is less than 25% of the total area due to harsh environment, which is difficult to use in agriculturalism, which is affected by acid and rain accounts for more than 40% of the total area of \u200b\u200bthe Nationalism. According to the recent statistics of the State Environmental Protection Administration, in 2003, my country consumed 31% of raw coal, 30% of iron ore, 27% of steel 40% cement, 4% of GDP, is less than 4% of the world; 2003 environment The loss caused by pollution and ecological damage accounts for 15% of the year GDP.
6 Industrialized management level
The vigorous development of the aquaculture industry requires a strong backing of the processing industry, and more needs to drive the lead processing enterprises. At present, various animals have a trend toward the development direction of scale, but the development is very slow. Some breeding cooperatives are basically controlled by the company. Establishing cooperatives, often is the company’s subsidies, because there is no legal requirements according to professional cooperatives, the role of cooperatives is not played, and the farmers are difficult to obtain mutual cooperation from the development of cooperatives. . Therefore, most of the aquaculture products are basically sold directly for sale or perform primary processing. It makes the product are low, the added value is low, the technology is low, the competitiveness is weak, and the competitiveness is weak, and it is not possible to sell local sales. The development of aquaculture industry is growing.
7. Blind introduction, confusion hybridization
This situation is common in a variety of livestock and poultry breeding, especially the meat sheep is produced. So far, the meat sheep is still mainly based on local soil sheep and mixed sheep. The specialized meat sheep variety is very lacking. The foreign varieties have a large gap; mainly in physical small, reproductive rate low growth and development Slow, low feed reward. The introduced new varieties have only a few pure in the enterprise and research units, and most of them are flowing into the market, variety quality and hybrid effects cannot be monitored. In addition, the introduced maded sheep variety, due to the technical guidance of the system, the began households can not conduct scientific hybrid portfolios, form a chaos, and even the chaos of the close. There is a phenomenon in which \”heavy tuning, and light pouring\” is generally existed.
8 good breeding system is not perfect
The breeding system is an important part of the pioneering and popularity of sexual changes, and it plays a very important role in achieving the work of raising. However, from the whole, my country’s animal breeding system is very uncomfortable. Many grassroots technical service promotion units work conditional teams are unstable, and the service is not in place without the role.
9 Farm planning or design is limited
Some farms are more simple or unreasonable, more serious is not designed, digging a pond, put some fish It is possible to breed such a farm without going out. Another situation is to lack unified planning and skills in the stage of breeding breed breeding. Many large-scale pig farms have no gender feedingNorning in the breeding process, it is not seriously selected, or the feed formula is a single or unreasonable, in the early stage of the nutrition, especially the energy is not enough, and the fattest is temporarily hugged in the future, leading to the surplus of livestock.
10 Lack of modern management
The pig farm lacks modern enterprise management concept, thinking is to raise an animal, no scientific market positioning, human resources management (such as incentive mechanism, performanceThe evaluation is not systematically planned. When the scale of the farm reaches a certain degree, it will be affected.