Each reporter: Yang dispartoints for each editor: Yang Huan
Each city has its own growth track, which is an important topic that cannot be avoided. For the land area, the congenital conditions such as resource endowments do not take advantage of the Singapore, 23 \”New Town\” is like the answer sheet to each stage – on 3/4 land area, how to improve the position, attract The population is a must-answer question.
Since the first time of the \”Global Residual Award\” in 1992, Singapore’s \”Castle Movement\” has begun to show – Senior researcher, Nanyang University of Science and Technology, Gopinath Menon We are very important, this success is closely related to TOD – use rail transit to guide the development of urban development.
City Uncle also found that the site layout, the station city is a very important way in the \”New City\” process, but it is not all. A more deeper concept, including a series of practices such as land comprehensive development and utilization, industrial planning, and green space, and even this concept of New Town is moving towards new direction.
Although there is a variety of ways, the purpose is only one – it is to improve the livability, provide a quality living environment, because only this, people will be willing to stay in the new city.
From the city
Jurong Pioneer (Pioneer) Source: Each reporter Yang Shen is not photographed
9 o’clock in the evening, flourishing Wind, Singaporeans in Tropical Marine Climate Too Invasants can come through the gas. Stay away from the urban area, the Jurong area in the southwest corner of Singapore is like a country. At this time, Mong Jia will experience more than 1 hour of commuting in the urban area, return to the rental house.
The success of the Jurong Industrial Zone is not solved in the Jurong Industrial Zone. At that time, the manager of Jurong did even attempted to raise the fare of the commuter shuttle, once the dissatisfaction of the local workers.
The past is like smoke. Today’s Jurong has changed significantly. Pioneer (Pioneer) subway station is quite strong near the Pioneer subway station. Based on white-based branch, the bones are constantly stacked, showing the basic appearance of the Singapore group house; in another direction, the night market street consisting of large stalls reveals the fun of local residents.
The importance of the site is unquestionable. Menon tells us that every new city has at least two TOD projects, in the standard of standard, one is the center of the new city, and the other is the secondary center. But TOD is not all – For the Jurong area, it is necessary to get a lifetime increase from the industrial zone, and it is necessary to pay attention to methods and techniques.
Chinese culture is characteristic of Jurong. According to local residents, the earliest batch of undergroundThe Chinese once settled in Jurong and fishing for a living. The street eating habits of the local people came to the street diet by the local government, and the large stalls were not placed \”big food generation\” with Singapore’s characteristics, but in the government’s guidance, a special street is formed, and the seafood of Chinese cooking has also become a local area. Features.
\”\” Singapore’s entertainment venues are not better than domestic, almost not found in China’s Chinese-style entertainment. \”I have lived in Singapore for 10 years, I’m very busy, I have a very opportunity to return to China, with Friends are in the big stalls, and they are a happy source outside his \”social animal\” life.
Chinese, Malay, India, Europe and the United States and the United States and the United States and the United States and the United States and the United States, etc., so that Singapore has to meet different needs. Many sites have obvious community characteristics – Little India, the Indian market in the Little India, spread several blocks, and the various cultural and commercial carriers of the Malay Culture Zone Gangnan were 5 subway stations. Integration.
At the moment, the Waterway Point has almost built, which changes the layout near the prestige station.
A commercial body with a bus conversion hub – is the first model of the first bus kiln to build a new city centering in Singapore, which has been replicated in many new cities. In Menon, business should be an important element of the TOD project, because it can not only promote the TOD area in employment self-sufficiency, its business value and accompanying convenience, but also further effectively attract residents that come to settle.
Group House picture Source: Each reporter Yang disposeless
in Singapore, lively sex is largely reflected in the new city and subway station The relationship is related.
The large number of residents in Jurong let Meng Jia feel the value of the housing to Singapore. \”It is basically a few decades near the north of Jurong. The house is very old. Many Chinese will settle here.\”
In Singapore, the most important function of New Town is to provide this housing Guarantee housing. In that year, Singapore’s father-in-law Li Guangyao put forward the \”House of House\”, then the \”House\” concept was introduced, one of the purpose is to discover 72% of the country in the central region in the central area. At that time, people reluctant livelihoods were almost related to the 80 square kilometers of land area. So providing a better life environment, can be seen as the \”trick\” of the Singapore government to attract residents.
However, in the process of promoting the fusion of the New City and the subway station, Singapore has also passed some \”detours\”.
According to the research of Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Georgia Institute of Technology, the Singapore New City pattern is mainly \”chessboard\”, that is, the Subway Station, the mainRoads to the edge of the city center and several sub-centers connected by light rail; but in the late 1990s, as more functionality to gather subway station, a kind of \”lighthouse\” type of development model began to dominate.
The original plan was re-dispersed in HDB new town, and move closer to the subway station. The purpose of this nature is to further enhance the efficiency of land use. According to practical experience of European countries, TOD high-density development model to improve the ease of life at the same time, high-volume ratio may also reduce people’s happiness. Similar discussions subsequently appear in Singapore: there have been voices pointed out that building density is increasing, so that Singapore is reduced to \”cement brick city.\”
Soon, in charge of town planning of the HDB (Housing Development Board, HDB) disclosed its latest plan, structured, decentralized distribution \”checkerboard pattern\” appears again. More mixed land use patterns is the basis – in the middle of high-rise buildings, a series of large tracts of low green. Any Chairman of Singapore School of Architecture Theodore Chan believes that more \”rural feel\” of the resulting layout is more effective to increase the city attractive to people.
HDB hall Source: Every time there was correspondent Yang abandon non-photo
In view Menon, TOD comes \”in the context of mixed land use in Singapore connotation \”of. The reality show, how to achieve the concentration of land, development of comprehensive utilization, can affect the depth and breadth of the new town development.
In the 1960s, the first batch of Singapore Jurong East HDB site. According to Associate Professor Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore Gu Qingyang introduced, this decision is consistent with the original reason to build Jurong Industrial Park:
As far away from urban areas, Jurong low land costs, easier to attract foreign investment, with industry Park produced a large number of residential demand. The joint industrial land and residential land planning, growth-promoting characteristics of the Singapore Industrial Park and its managers Jurong Town Company (JTC) – which is also the country most of the industrial park operator.
Even HDB prices have obvious advantages, in solving this problem introduction, JTC still spend a lot of effort. The most obvious is to Jurong Industrial Park formats upgrade: In order to increase employment opportunities and create prospects for sustainable development, starting from the initial Jurong plant and warehouse escalating, and has introduced a technology-intensive manufacturing, capital-intensive industrial and high-tech industries, the prototype of a comprehensive science and technology park began to take shape.
In Gu Qingyang view, there must be a new town development potential, have a key industrial base. How long industry chain, to bring the number of jobs, and ultimately determine its ability to absorb population. Therefore, to make the successful development of Metro, the industrial computing just right is particularly important.
In order to ensure compliance with local industrial demand, Singapore is planning to take the leadWays – Singapore’s largest planning department Downtown Renewal Council usually combines multi-party, jointly confirming the core industries, the best location, and how to make a good job. According to the relevant person in charge of the JTC, this created industrial park includes the purpose of building a community and attracting and retaining people.
The other side of the land comprehensive utilization is to see the seam block, increase the open space. Increased green space, while organic unified urban texture, also built city soul.
Singapore is a famous garden city. In 2004, Singapore hopes that its famous Marina Bay is not only a financial and commercial gathering area, but also meets the requirements of livable and leisure. A URA is established, specializing in coordinating the Bay Development Department, Marina Bay Development Agancy, MBDA. Since then, a series of coastal trails can enable people to enter and appreciate green space space, and work together with the front-name Bay Bay Park.
HDB CEO Cai Junxun has pointed out in an interview with \”Urbansolution\” magazine, and the Binhai Bay is an excellent case in the process of development in the process of development. \”Because there are many old buildings in Binhai Bay, they are the ‘back’ of the city, (by creating waterways), we transfer them to the front of the waterway.\”
She pointed out, \”We also built seamless The connected trails and green belts and allow everyone to enter, they can connect the old and newly used in the land. \”During the diversification utilization process, a new and old combination is naturally produced.
Gerald OlliVier, director of the World Bank Asia Pacific More important than traffic is the construction of the community, which constructs more space for urban development.
Binhai Bay Image Source: Each reporter Yang disposeless
It is worth noting that the track traffic represented by Tod during the construction of the new city The orientation is only one way. The innovation of the city will never stop, especially in the election, even the concept of the new city is constantly updated and evolved.
Singapore’s planning department is well versed this, all kinds of experiments on urban updates are being built, such as the framework of smart cities is taken to introduce the new city of the list. The framework includes a wisdom urban solution in planning, property, environment, life and community.
Among them, TreElodge in the creation is an ecological planning area. This \”Life Lab\” will explore water, waste in high-density, high-volume regions.The way, transportation, energy, architecture and urban ecological symbiosis coexist, self-circulation. A future-based lifestyle will be met here.
Kampung Bugis in the east side of Binhai Bay (Kampung Bugis) planning area is about to usher in a car or a small car test; TenGah Town is a community farm The location. Woodlands town in the north has become the first new city that introduces a new round of planning guides, in the guidance, the city is divided into ecological, explorery, health, community, industrial park and the main city six themes The district.
With the continuous development of the central city, the new center has also been put on the schedule by Singapore.
Although the inhabitant atmosphere of Yuguo is very strong, will still go to the urban milling time during the Mongolian holiday: Your gallery \”can buy too little compared to the Central area of \u200b\u200bUrban Road,\” Almost no leisure activities.
Looking at the Singapore coastline, the CBD expansion in the south has been near the limit. The Singapore Railway System in the east is in the east, the Singapore Express Railway System is becoming an important force in the town of radiation. However, in the west, as a residential area of \u200b\u200bmore than one million population, the potential of Jurong has not moved very well due to the cause of population and industrial structure. In Jurong Lake District, a plan for more than ten years is becoming a reality – here will become the second CBD in Singapore.
According to local media reports, different from central areas, this new CBD will have a larger scale land mixing, so that developers can better adapt to difficult market conditions. For example, it introduces a \”white\” area, which can have freedoms in the construction of various forms of architecture such as business. How to better control the development of the region in Singapore, how to better control the development of the region will be a huge challenge in front of HDB and other departments.
Daily Economic News