I went to Beijing for four or fifty years, although I have been to Taoranting Park, I haven’t left very deeply in addition to the Gao Junyu, Shi Reagan, and the stone column. impression. I have read a few prose written in the old Beijing. The front of the poems of the former Taoran pavilion and the Beijing local history \”the old way of the day\”, with the interest of Taoranting, 遂 非 非 季 的I went to Taoranting Park.
Lao She was written in an existing in the 1930s: \”Although I am born there, I have left until the age of seven years old. Say, I have never arrived Taoranting, this is ridiculous! \”It can be seen that Taoranting is in the position of the old Beijingers. Not only that, many foreign writers are recalled in Beijing’s articles, and they often mention Taoranting. In the 1920s, Ding Ling was in Beijing, and there was a favorite in Tao Ran. Yao Pompat said she \”floating to Beijing\”, \”Say to a person does not understand, and I don’t want anyone understanding, I only feel deeply painful\”, often \”one person ran to Taoranting Go \”(Li Xiangjun, Wang Zengru,\” Ding Ling Chuan \”). Yu Dafu said in the article \”The Autumn of the Shan\”: \”Not coming to the autumn of the North China, it has been nearly more than ten years. Every year, you will always remember the reusing of Taoranting, the fishing platform of the Diaoyutai, the insects of Xishan, Yuquan’s night moon, the bell of Tanti Temple. \”Shi Rumei’s\” Snow Night \”said:\” Love the snow night, love this moment of snow, I can’t go to Taoranting, Shichahai, Beihai, Park … … \”In the 1950s, Zhang Huanshui\” Taoranting \”said:\” Taoran Pavilion is a famous reputation, it will be the same as Wuchang Huangcheng Tower, Jinan 趵 趵 泉, after home, the family must Q: Have you arrived in Taoranting? ‘Because this, in 35 years ago, the first thing I went to Beijing was to visit the Taoite Pavilion. \”(August 20/11, 1956\” Beijing Daily \”) In the past, these celebrities often put Taoran Pavilion in Beijing’s famous winning, which is about that many people we think today.
Taoranting is a historical and famous pavilion. Taoran Ting is the Thirty-four years of Qing Kangxi (1695) by the work department Lang Zhongjiang algae in the west side of the Yuan Dynasty building compassion, the palette is taken from Bai Juyi \”More than the Chrysanthemum, and the monarch is drunk. One Taoran \”(Figure 1) (\” \”\” \”\” \”\” \”\” \”\” \”\” \”\” \”\” \”\” \”\” \”\” Therefore, it was created because of the work of the Works, who was supervised by the kiln factory, so it is also known as \”Jiang Pavilion\”.
Figure 1 Taoran Pavilion is one of the top three plaque, written by Jiantang people
According to the usual understanding, the pavilion is a top-free The building, of course, also refers to the simple small house of the building. If the previous explanation, in fact, Taoran Tall is boins. Some people have known Taoranting, and they have a lot of breath. I can’t help but feel some lost. Yu Pingbo \”Taoranting\”Snow\” said that in the afternoon after the snow, I gave a friend, from a small alley near Donghuamen, I hired two \”rubber\” (it’s a human car), go to Taoranting. After getting off the bus, I stepped on the snow, walked through a wilderness, saw a higher housing, I think maybe Jiang Pavilion (Taoranting), but \”I didn’t see any pavilion in the inside and outside. Fortunately, the one hangs匾, otherwise it is not Taoranting. If it is still in question, it is not a joke. Jiang Pavilion, such a name, always makes us. Zhang Huanshui also said in the \”Taoranting\” article, \”The so-called Taoranting is not a pavilion, it is a temple, and there is a temple on the hill.\” In fact, the Qing people have \”Xuanran Lake Open, the land of the famous pavilion\” (\”Jin Yushan house poem\” volume 1)’s verse, expressing the regrets and confusion of Taoran Pavilion.
Taoranting was completed, especially dry, Jia, until the early years of the Republic of China, became the resort of Jajie. In the late Qing Dynasty, Zhu Peng Shou \”An Lekang Pinghou Essay\” Volume Six Cloud: \”Dumen is a gathering place, bureaucrats, no sun, no wine, the wine is like Lin, the dust, the Siki, the hometown doctor, often The fake 精 庐, 流 觞, 终. After the uniform (1889), after entering Beijing, every time the literati, in the south, the Taoranting, Longshu Temple, the fried sub-bridge, the cloud grass hall, Songyu , 下 斜 街 云 山,, 辅 先 祠, 高 纸 寺, 寺 寺 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处 处In the middle, the princes are rising, relatives and friends, travel, and Taoranting is the preferred place for celebrities.
The four seasons of spring and summer, the four seasons of autumn and winter are different. They have a characteristic, and they are not launched by Taoran Tsing Yaji, every time people, light festival, upper, Qingming, Chongyang, etc. Such as the \”Test Mission, Wu Yun Village, the same year, Taoranting\” cloud: \”Spring is coming in the spring, invites me to travel in the city. The light is poor in the north, the governance crisp is more.\” Wan Gangtai \”March 3 Nikao Ruyuting \”Cloud:\” The poems have become ugly, they have to occupy the southwestern. \”Hong Liangji has\” Qingming Japan to take the wine to Tao Ran, Wu Shi, read the Xicang, the rhyme, the rhyme \”poem, \”Clear Banknotes\” \”Time\” Cloud: Chongyang September 9th, \”Dudu Yugong Potted, out of Guo Denggao. South Randation in Tianning Temple, Taoranting, Dragon Clada, etc. Digumei Tree, Clean Town, etc., far in Xishan Eight brakes, etc. \”, etc. .
Taoranting’s most intoxicated scenery is a lotus passage of the summer and autumn, the poems of the ancient and modern scribes, the poems of the pavilion, which can be said to be lost. Qing Li Guangwei \”Taoranting Autumn\” Cloud: \”For the summer, it is busy. He is in the water, and there is a gap. Wen and Lam Ming. \”Among them,\” Gongshui in the water \”naturally enabled us to think of\” Book of Songs \”,\” 蒹葭 蒹葭,, white de frost \”sentence, 蒹, 葭, 都 水 水 名,蒹葭 蒹葭 Reed. Gu Taqing, \”桥 仙 · 初 冬 云 林 invites Tongxian Xianlong claws to see the chrysanthemum,\” Yun: \”Yun:\” The old man invites me, the city is visiting the japanese, has passed the yellow flower season. Where to ask Qiu Fang, see all the way , Frost, honest, Taoran Pavilion outside, there is a cold rush to snow. The cold smoke is light, and I don’t see it, and Xishan is overlap. \”Zhang Yao Tao\” Taoran Ting Yu \”:\” Jiangting West The sun is sunny, the mountain is obliged to be full of city. The autumn trees are high and low, the wind is rushing and different. The wine can be richeted, the poem is known to be named. The crown covers a hundred years of feast, and the Luhua should meet ancient and modern love. \”Zhao Yi\” Taoranting \”:\” Liancheng South Override, the virtual pavilion shifts the female wall, the flowers, the Luhua white, a piece of Jiangnan August Autumn. \”Cao Jiyu\” wearing a car such as a panbo, When mountaineering (in the \”Big Gallery\”, the \”Beijing-China Tao Tao\”) verse. Some comments say, two sentences can be moved as a linked. Yumu, Yu Dafu, \”Every arrive in the South, always think of Taoranting’s Luhua\” cloud cloud.
As for winter, Taoran Tingjun is also a big intention of the ancient and modern cults, and there is a collection of colleagues or friends, and even booked for every snow. It is not invited to invites, and the Taoran Pavilion will be a wine. \”(Chen Kangqi\” Lang Si Ji Wen \”Volume 10\” Founded to the Friday \”section of the Taoran Pavilion\”. There is a signature Shen Yin, \”Years, the same person rides, the snow to Taoran\” Cloud: \”The outer mountains are rogue, the eyes of the city, the eyes of the city. Xiao Shufeng Xuejun Reminds, and the back of the back is paying free.\” (\”The National Discipline\” 1905, Vol. 5th) Riding, Tao Xue Taoran Pavilion, you don’t have a taste. Yu Pingbi once because of \”Jiang Pavilion, such a name\”, it always makes us feel \”\” Snowstone story.
Taoranting is the entry of the Beijing-Beijing counterpart or the same year (the mutual call of the old science exams in the same year) Yaji and a place where the Customer and Friends welcomes friends and relatives. Qian Yi Jiao’s \”Temple Collection\” Volume 49: \”Both is a gathering of humanities, meet the Tiangong Test, the gift will try, the quartet is Yusheng. Mr. (Zhu Shi) Before the announcement, invite a mission The five or six people are mainly, and the Guangzong talents should be a teacher, the selection meeting is in Taoranting, the drama, the rhyme, and the rhyme, and it is deemed to be advantageous. \”French is aweight\” Record \”Normal Yun:\” Qianlong is ugly in April, tasted with the same number of others, will be in Chengnan Taoranting, the picture, and it is. \”(Shengjing\” Eight Banner Wen Jing \”Volume 13) Jin Chao (afraid) \”Sanzhu Book House Poetry\” contains, because there is a year to go to the field to serve, \”Zhao Ji Tao Ruyiting small drink\” is a poem, there is a poem, \”Before the spring of the spring, a few Today’s drunk Taoran \”sentence. Bao Ting’s topic is \”Tao Ruying sent Xiang Tao such as Guangdong Zhang Xiaowei\” poetry: \”There is a matter of life, and it will be in the same period. Everyone is a hundred years, and it is hard to be equal. Ancient and modern and a little priest. Friends, I also learned, don’t have a tear. Today’s weather is good, there is wine and a total of pour. Don’t make an ancestor account, Jingsheng Jiang Pavilion. Overlooking the big land wide, look at the high sky. .\”closeOn behalf of Wu Zhiwei (word purple) \”Hanging Treatment Lake 4\” poems: \”When I was from the east of the year (Qiu Jin), Yu Ji Jingshi’s hometown is in Chengnan Taoran, with strong line, There is a \”treasure knife song\”, which is a time. \”Qiu Jin also went to the first to fill the words,\” Linjiang Xian \”, Xiao Yan Yun:\” Mrs. Tao Zizi invited Tao Ran, Don’t, Purple Book One, doing a message, 光 阴, 聚 聚The infinite emotion of the pavilion, and the \”Baodao Song\” expresses the tragic feelings of \”the first Huang Dikhh of my main Huang Dikhh, and the shame of a thousand hundred years of national shame\”.
Taoranting the most famous officials in history, famous funny, is the Dragon Shu Temple of the Juriso. Longshu Temple is located in the northwest of Taoran Ting. According to Deng Zhicheng, \”Bone Dong Culture, Xuannan Ritting\”, Longshu Temple Ben Tang Xingcheng Temple, the nearby dragon claws, for Jiaqing, the Waste, Wenwen, Nanpi, Zhang Wenyi Taste the two plants, \”Zun lived, today, the same place is the temple,\” According to Liu Yisheng, \”Shirang Hall Alleged\” contains: At that time, the text was so strict, \”the Charte did not dare to talk about the time, the competition, the poetry, the poetry, with Pan Bojun (Zun), Weng bottle (same And) for the seniors of the Lord. Huiji Li Weike (Ci Ming), also came out, and the Nanpi Zhang Xiangtao (ho holes) and arising each other. \” From the beginning of Li, Zhang, there is still a text to return. Later, Zhang Zhidong, Hua Beizheng, extending Li Ci Ming, Li Yu returns more than a few things, greatly unhappy, and the eavilion. After entering, Li Ci Ming repeatedly tried to join the scholars, and concerted the Hanlin at that time, it was said that he did not learn, and some people refer to Zhang Zhidong. The Tongzhi Ten Years Xin did not, Zhang Zhixong Hubei school politiced government returns to Beijing, Zhang, Li Erman has not changed. At that time, \”the official name, the momentum is very small, and the sacrifice is a good night\”, and the end of the banquet is the owner. At that time, Zhang Zhiyong sent a martial art in Longshu Temple. He deliberately invited Li Ci Ming, and Ci Ming also participated in Pan Bozhen as the League. Zhang Zhidong issued the Longshu Temple Conference, causes Pan Bo 寅 函: \”Quartet winning, Shangguan Bring the kitchen, Tianning Temple is a little far away, and the Longshu Temple is better. \”It is a Japanese participant, there is Wuxi Qin Bingwen, Nanhai Guiliangcan, Yuanhe Chen Wei, Jixi Hu Tree, Hui Ji Zhao’s Qian, Li Ci Ming, Wu Yuyang, Xiangtan Wang Yuyun, Zixi Chen Josen, Huang Yan Wang Yosen, Qian Tang Zhang pre-, Chaoyang Naiqi, Nanhai Tan Zongzhen, Fushan Wang Yirong, Rui’an Sun Wei let Hongdong Dong Wenhuan. Drawing by Qin Bingwen, Wang Yuqiu’s poem, Gui Wenco Bing Wen Qicheng: \”Time Rain, Qing Joseph, in ancient and modern, in the day, returning to this picture, with Ji Hong Tuo. The key to the maximum friction occurs. The South School took Li Ci Ming as the Chu’s, the North School took Zhang Zhidong as the leader, did not have the north and south sent Ya 集.
Taoranting is a gatheringThe location, in addition to leaving a lot of poetry, there are many Pijiao, for people. Such as \”The Tibetan Temple is no one, the talents have a month,\” is written for the famous scholars. Liang Zhang Yu \”楹 楹 丛\” volume three: \”Guanyin Temple is the most, but the Beijing teacher Taoran Pavilion is better than him, and you will forget the name of the author. Lianyun: ‘Fa Yun is unobstructed; Hui Japan High hanging from the same day. ‘And cloud:’ Bubble Qiankun, makeup into treasure phases; color fragrance world, illusion hollow. ‘And cloud:’ Lianyu, go to the day Five Lin Weifeng; Litang is empty, Recognizing the water in the water. ‘, Yashe Taoran pavilion. \”III:\” Lin Shao Mu (Xu) has episodes of Jingshi Taoran Ting Lin:’ It seems to open three paths; come and Amitabha has a total of a lot. \”The pavilion is the first.\”
The Qing Dynasty left footprints and poetry, 楹 楹, 楹 楹, 楹 楹, is a famous politician, thinker, scholar, such as Li Guangwei, and Zhao, a famous politician, thinker, scholar, such as Li Guangwei Wings, Weng Fang, Hong Liangji, Gong Zizhen, Wei Yuan, Gu Taqing, Zhao Zhiqian, Li Ci Ming, Weng Tonghe, Wang Yuyun, Zhang Zhidong, Wang Yirong, Sun Wei, Kang Youwei, Tan Yitong, Lin Zi Xu, Qiu Jin, nearby Qi Baishi, Guo Moruo, Wait, this list is also It can be opened, and the dominant reputation and status of Taoranting will be seen here.
After the 1930s, after the turmoil of the Time Bureau, the reputation of Taoranting is, but gradually lost the prosperity of the past, and the decline. When Ding Ling said in the Chinese Department of Tsinghua University in 1952, I said: \”When I am a student in Beijing (the author, Ding Ling listens to the literary class at Peking University in 1924), I read the poem of Taoranting, and listened People say how Taoranting is good, so, I really feel that Tao Ran is good. \”Taoranting at that time, but\” a reed, a few soil piles \”, the human trace is scarce, the scenery is desolate, but because It is fit with the observation people lonely, the depressed and desolate mood, so I feel better (see Li Xiangdong, Wang Zengru \”Ding Ling Chuan\”). In the 1930s, an unsecured \”Some Autumn Color\” also said that Taoranting is a desolate: \”Ming Moon Luhua Qiu Xiao, the wind is in the ruins.\” Mount Taoran Pavilion, a dark scenery is reflected in the bottom. In the past, the literati Sagiti is situated, and today it has become a place where people have a soul of death. This rosory remains the ruins of the unmanned management, which is surprising to the vicissitudes of vicissitudes (\”New Life Week\” 1935, Vol. 1 68). In the forefront of \”An Lekang Pinghou\” (Cheng Book in 1940) Talking about Taoran Pavilion at the time: \”The world will change the wind movement, don’t be fashionable, all the old names win, the same is not enough, the crown cover is like the cloud, today all The silence is desolate, and the car horses are suffering. The land of the land is dawn, and it is also transferred with the personnel! \”From the above literature and poetry, it can be greatly appreciated from Qing Qiang Jia until Taoranting in the 1930s and 1930s. The rise and fall (Figure 2).
Figure 2 Qi Baishi \”Xijiang Moon · Heavy Up Taoran Pavilion Watching Xishan\”
In the first twenty years of the 20th century, Taoranting, which is known as the Grand Jie Jie, is a defeated, but there is At that time, there was another kind of brilliant, Taoran Pavilion, compassion, is a place where the Chinese Communist Party’s early leaders engaged in revolutionary activities. There have been a footprint of Li Dazhao, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Deng Zhongxia, and Daiying. In recent years, the \”Red Dream\” display area has opened up a red memory for future generations.
In the early 1950s, the Beijing Municipal Government decided to open up Taoranting Park in Taoran Pavilion and Mercy. Clean up the reed pit, the water, the lake, plant grass tree, build a pavilion, and move the Zhongnanhai Yunxian Building, the Voice Pavilion and Dongxi Chang’an Street Building. Later, I was built in the garden, and the tomb of Ms. Shi Yumei was built. In the 1980s, he also made a famous pavilion in China and built Huaxia Tingyuan. Taoranting has created more than 300 years. From the initial Elegant Elegant Collee, Tao Dafu, the revolutionary pioneers conducted secret revolutionary activities, and now they have become the widespread entertainment and revolutionary historical tradition (Figure 3).
Fig. 3 Guo Moruo’s topic written, under the same, \”The Tibetan Temple is not arriving, the talents have a month\” for the Qing Man Tong \”[123 ] Taoran Ting can be described in many of the remains of the Liao Shouchang, such as the Liao Shouchang, the five-year Ci Zhi Dague, Jin Tianshui, the nine-year scriptures in the Liaojin period, and the golden Buddhism and determination gold in Beijing. Both, have an important historical value. Although many Liaojin stone carving information compilation have been recorded, it is natural to see the real thing as Liao Jin’s history. Others such as the garden golden tomb, Xiangxiang, Parrot, etc.