\”Anyang wheat machine yield reached 99.9%\” \”Dezhou Wheat Machine Radity is expected to reach 99.8%\” … With the harvest of wheat, all localities have passed the news. Wheat machine is currently mainstream, but the remaining 0.1%, 0.2%, but still corresponds to many hard farmers, not to mention, there are not full coverage in many places. For small farmers, the sickle still has to hold in his hand, and in the face of the raging mechanized wave and scale, their confusion is increasing. In this wheat harvest in 2021, the Beijing News reporter witnessed the joy of summer grain harvest, he also heard the voice of many small farmers.
Xiao Nong Puzzle 1: The harvesting machine is not going to the small plot still needs to cut wheat
There are many wheat scattered in the township road, and they have been rushing from the vehicle. The grain is out of the field, and then the housing, the wheat grains of the shell can be completely separated. Some farmers will still spend a day or two.
On June 6, the villagers in Shangqiu County, Henan Province rushed to the country road. Beijing News reporter 耿子
At 2 pm Liu Cui’s family has been more than 2 acres. The block is next to the county road. Due to the need for green, the half actence of the land is seedling, the small saffler is still too high, and the sun can be seen under the tree, Liu Cui I can’t waste this place, and I have the same wheat as in previous years.
On June 6th, Liu Cuiyi (pseudonym) took the sickle to harvest wheat. Beijing News reporter Yanzi Ye
Head wears a sun visor, holding a sickle in the year, Liu Cuiqi grabs a wheat, leave a wheat, cut down, 麦, The cut-cut cornerstone has a few meters long, and a cluster of wheat is tired on the side. Liu Cui said, waiting for someone to find someone to help, drive these wheat to go home, go back to crush, rush, and get rid of the row, then it can be sold, but this is a few days of work. Liu Cui said, refers to not far away, \”The wheat there is, the wheat is not so cut, the son is working in Beijing, there is only one person in Beijing, how much is it?\”
A village’s Xiulan, I didn’t get up early in the morning, I started to cut wheat, I did more than 8 hours, and Xiu Shilan was hot enough, put down my sickle, I want to go to the tricycle to find water, rest for a while . \”Cutting, the wheat is too difficult to cut.\” Xi Xiulan took the red towel used to sunside, seeking a cool cool.
On June 6, the wheat of the Xiuxi Lank almost fell, the machine could only harvest it with a sickle. Beijing News reporter 子
The reporter saw that the land of Xihuulan is in a ditch, because of the weather, the wheat is almost full. \”The machine can’t cut this place, you can only cut wheatson. \”邰 Xiulan is 73 years old this year, she told reporters that the old companion died, and the children went out to work, but they didn’t plant it, but they didn’t pay, they insisted on these three acres. Say, Xi Xiulan grab a wheat Spike, handshed, blowing the wheat shell, \”Look, these fell wheats. \”But even if Xi Xiulan said, 秕 秕 子 also received home.
June 6 \”Look, these fallen wheat are 秕. \”New Beijing News reporter Yanzi Ye
When the reporter found that the farmer was cut by the wheat, the hand is less than the sickle, the edge angle harvester is not reached, and the farmers will also cut down. Get up, one cut in the wheat to be cut, waiting for the harvester to threshing these wheat together.
Small block, special plot, how to solve the wheat is difficult to mechanize Question? Jia Jizeng, the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said that at present, in China, small plots of small farmers cannot fully realize mechanized wheat harvest. Individual areas still need artificial cut wheat, but such areas are generally a small number, small blocks themselves Not suitable for large machine operations, or due to other reasons, it is not suitable for machine harvest. Small blocks, the economic value is not high, can consider crops that have higher economic value, such as vegetables, bacteria, etc. In addition, current domestic There are also some targeted development of small machines, which is ideal for small block homework, which is also a solution direction.
Xiao Nong confused 2: How to face natural disasters in the sky?
Wheat growing up the rainy day, is the most worrying thing about farmers. In mid-May, a big wind puts the three acres of farmers in Henan Shangqiu County. I look at the wheat feeling very helpless. \”When the wheat is long seed, this wind is scraping, the wheat is smashed, and it is not a year. \”
\” Farmers have a place to eat. \”It is a sentence that people often say, the fact is true. In the face of uncontrollable natural disasters, Li Qingmin said,\” The natural disasters can have a measures. \”Li Qingmin’s three-acre land is covered in production, although this year’s wheat price is a little higher than in previous years, the total income is still half-year.
On June 6, some wheat fields in Shangqiu County in Henan Province were poured. Beijing News reporter 耿子
Pan Shou defense is a harvesting machine, 6 acres in Jixian County. \”My wheat is falling, and the output of wheat in the previous year can reach more than 1400. Ki, this year is only 700-800 catties. \”It is fortunate that Pan Guardian’s village has organized villagers in advance to buy agricultural insurance.\” Have 7 yuan an acre, there is an archer who can compensate for eight ninety dollars in an across wheat, but this is not enough. The cost, the wheat is in one, and the reduction in production is limited. \”
Xiaoman is not willing to buy insurance, facing natural disastersHands do not have? Insurance is too low, the return is far from investment? In this regard, Jia Jimheng said that from the perspective of wheat breeding, the problem of simply solving the poured problem is easy to do, wheat is inverse, because the stem of the stem base is not enough, this is related to the plants, improve the group The structure is one of the ways to solve the path of wheat. However, it is necessary to guarantee high yield, but also to prevent the resistance, there is a certain difficulty. \”Wheat is high and output,\” there is a certain contradiction. \”It is necessary to have high yields, but also can’t fall down, the solution is to cultivate a short stalk, high yield, currently, my country’s high-yield wheat yield is about 1000 pounds, wheat strains Overall, in terms of wheat breeding, there is a certain bottleneck, but scientific research is a step-by-step process. At present, my country’s wheat development is still in the period of possible breakthrough, and the new green revolution can be expected.
On June 6, the villagers of Shangqiu County, Henan Province. New Beijing News reporter 耿子
Jia Jimheng said that this year’s wheat is a harvest year, in order to overall the situation in the country, the inverse problem is not serious, but the individual varieties and a few areas have a pouring situation, the influence is not very big. . At present, agricultural insurance can provide a certain guarantee for economic losses caused by natural disasters, accidental accidents, etc. during planting. Farmers Insurance is one of the channels of resolving emergencies such as falling. However, the small farmers must not buy agricultural insurance, but it is also understandable. After all, the food itself can not earn too much money. At present, some places have slowly improve relevant measures, and the farmers who do not have conditional insurance will need to continue to take corresponding measures to further reduce the risk of small farmers. \”Compared to the problem, how to further increase production in wheat is more concerned.\” Jia Jiming told reporters that China’s food production is ranked in the world, but still needs a large increase. This is because China’s per capita cultivated land is too small, with few per capita food, under limited land resources, meet the needs of Chinese people, and continue to enhance food production. If you can increase 20-30% on the basis of current food production, \”When this level is reached, we can relate calmness.\”
Xiao Nong confused 3: People who collect wheat slowly Take off work?
The reporter found in this year’s wheat harvest, the main army of the field, the main army, is the old man who is old. At the front of Cao Village, Cao Village, Zhou Tang Town, Jixian, two pairs of old couple waiting for the harvester. The villager Li Jinxiu was 75 years old this year, and the peaks did not come with the harvester. He used the sickle to cut the wheat of the side angle of the land, and the old companion was responsible for hitting.
June 7 Beijing News reporter Yan Zi Ye
Closely, the 74-year-old Tang Junying is rushing, rolling wheatNot much, Tang Junying does not need farm tools, directly picks up, grab a wheat mixed with wheat shells, wheat straw and dust, upwards, and the wheat and wheat shell are separated. Next to it, Tang Junying’s wife and Li Jinxiu’s wife have gone home.
June 7 Beijing News reporter Yan Zi Ye
Two-seven-year-old couple waiting for wheat harvest, the same thing, no children are around. Until 2 o’clock in the afternoon, Tang Junying waited until the harvester, no afternoon and two did not have time to eat.
Lin Changqing, with the same village, 47 years old this year, in the villagers who are waiting for wheat, he is young. Lin Changqing, who worked in Anhui, early June, specially rushed back to the old home to collect wheat, in addition to farm businesses, basically outside the workmanship to make carpenters, the wife does not go, I have a 4 acres at home. Usually, the children are outside, the daughter has been married, the son is going to work in Xinzheng, \”Today the child is back, but the land is too hot, I don’t let them help, I am afraid that the children don’t want to grow.\” 123]
Lin Changqing said that it is not more than 1,000 yuan in wheat and corn, which can earn more than 1,000 yuan in wheat and corn. Thousands. However, Lin Changqing believes that the land is still in the style. If the old can’t fight, go home. At that time, the land became the only income of the couple.
On June 12, Lin Changqing once again embarked on the train from working, this time he is going to go, \”Planning to go home in November, you can’t get a corn.\” Lin Changqing is not worried He said that it is now machine to collect corn, and his wife can get it at home.
Previously, the seventh national population census data showed that the population of living in the countryside was 50.979 million, compared with 2010, the rural population was reduced by 164.36 million. In addition, population aging levels have different differences in urban and rural areas. From the national perspective, the proportion of the 60-year-old, 65 years old and older is 23.81%, 17.72%, respectively, 7.99, 6.61 percentage points higher than the town.
The people who have a gestime are slowly old, who came to work? Jia Jimao said that China’s rural population will continue to decrease, the economic value of rural areas is limited, and the economic value of land planting grain crops is low, but the planting area of \u200b\u200bhigh output value is also very limited, the limited output value of rural areas determine the limited number of farmers required. In contrast, other high value-added industries need more labor.
\”\” The decline in rural population is actually a manifestation of social progress. \”Jia Jizeng believes that in the future, we must solve the problem of farming, but also let young people learn to grow, from the perspective, only investment And output, people can earn money to go to the ground.
Xiao Nong confused 4: Young people became seasonal farmers without collecting wheatjoke?
Today, the county of the agricultural district is also facing the huge impact of modern business, industry, and farmers insist on the land, more relying more about the feelings of generations. In Shandong Heze Cao County, many villagers have made the processing and manufacturing, e-commerce sales industry, and most of them have a solid stick to the land.
June 10 Beijing News reporter Yan Zi Ye
In Cao County Daji Town, Li Chunsong, who operated 7 years of online shop, and a seven or eight acres of land. On June 10, because the wheat harvest is busy, the workers in the factory will take a break home to pay the wheat. On the same day, Li Chunsong took the wheat and replied to the buyer news. This year is the 100th anniversary of the party, the performance service sales is more than the year, during the Children’s Day, Li Chun Song’s garment factory has reached 20,000 pieces.
\”Wheat is definitely received, do not collect wheat to be a joke.\” Although Li Chunsong lover still believes that he can’t give up cultivated land, \”Whether you earn how much money, we are all Farmers. Since it is a farmer, there is no way. \”But Li Chunong and the lover’s opinions were not very the same, he believes that if one day, business is not able to take care of it, then rent the land. \”There is too little profit, although the harvest has been more than before, but it is still unable to work with business, don’t kind hundreds of acres, I can’t earn too much money.\” Li Chunsong said.
On June 10, Cao County’s wheat field harvester is working. Beijing News reporter 耿子
Jia Jimheng said that this is a unique phenomenon of China, and there is no such problem in the rare countries in itself. In developed countries, farmers’ accumulation is 3% -5%, and China has more than 500 million farmers. In terms of species, the income issue of farmers cannot be solved. In terms of the whole world, the scale planting is an inevitable trend. At present, our country has been developing this trend. The trend of farmers into the city workers is also increasingly high. As far as the current situation, my country’s existing cultivated land conditions are basically able to achieve large-scale planting.
Xiao Nong Puzzles 5: Why is the rising rising in wheat?
Many food purchase points said that this year’s wheat purchase price broke through the historic high, even so, small farmers still didn’t expect to earn money. There are many grain acquisition stations in the county river Division, and Liu Maocai collects food for more than ten years. Nowadays, more and more farmers will directly pull food from the land to the grain station, save the drying, storage and other procedures. A few days of wheat, Liu Maocai Food Acquisition Station is busy hot and chartered.
On June 7, the Liu Maoqing Food Acquisition Station in Henan Shangqiu County is piled into a small mountainous food. Beijing News reporter Yan Zi Ye
On June 7, Liu Maicai’s son told reporters that this year’s wheat acquisition is relatively high, currently, the purchase priceTo 1.21 yuan per catty, there is a lot higher than the previous year, in the wheat harvest season, the food station can receive more than 500,000 kilograms, this year, a family plans to buy 5 million pounds of wheat, store two or three months, will sell, wheat High prices, the cost of food investment increase, and the acquisition risk of the grain station has increased accordingly.
The price of wheat is rising, and some villagers do not hesitate to sell some money. On the Yellow River, in the northern suburbs of Jinan, Jinan, Shandong Province, Wang Houzhuang Villagers, Xunxiao, in the sun, busy with wheat, and dried wheat, one pound, can sell more or two cents. The 60-year-old Shengxian and his wife have discussed, and the momentum is good. Wheat is put on the bag.
On June 12, Zhangjie, Zhangjia, a farmer, is waiting for wheat. Beijing News reporter Yan Zi Ye
Li Baozhen, Tong Village, is also waiting for the wheat to sunburn wheat, talk to the land, she can’t help but count the pen account, and make a bag of fertilizers in one acre Many dollars, three or fifty cats, more than 100 dollars, cultivated land,, sowing more than 100 dollars, pouring the production of medicine dozens of money, big machine harvesting tricycles to pull back more than 100 yuan, even if it is a wheat acquisition price , But one thousand people in a total of one thousand people, a total of a thousand pounds of wheat, shaving fertilizer, pesticide, seeds, harvesting, etc., the maximum income of hundreds of dollars, \”the people are not easy.\”
food price How much is it reasonable? Can you continue to rise? Where is the way of small farmers? In this regard, Jia Jiming said that now my country’s food prices are not low. The international food price is a leverage. If imported food is better than domestic food prices, the food company will turn to buy imported food, domestic Food is probably the price of low, food is still to follow the market law.
\”Small farmers are flowing, large-scale planting, this will be the future development trend.\” Jia Jimheng said that we must solve the confusion of small farmers, but also continue to cultivate more excellent varieties, reduce investment, increase production In addition, it can be relying on scale planting to release more rural labor.
(The respondent should be required to be a new name)
Beijing News reporter 耿子
Editor Tang Yan