The income is not low, the work is flexible, the take-out rider position is constantly expanding –
\”Rider\” into the new channel of migrant workers’ employment
As a new profession that has spawned the new business of digital economy, The number of takeaway rider populations has been expanding in recent years, and has become an important formation representative of flexible employment. Recently, the US Mission Research Institute issued the survey report of \”Analysis of the Factors Affecting Satisfaction Satisfaction Satisfaction\”, which made a detailed investigation and analysis of the career of the takeaway rider. Who is doing a rider? What is the income of this trip? What is the future development prospects and guarantees? The reporter conducted an interview.
Seven percent \”rider\” from rural
This 25-year-old Xia Hongliang comes from a small county near Sichuan Chengdu, after graduating from junior high school, it enters the factory. Compared with the work line of the factory, relatively freedom, the take-out rider in income attracts his gaze. \”I am a child from the county. The level of cultural level is not high. The threshold of the rider is low. As long as you will operate your smartphone, you can ride an electric car.\” Xia Hong brighted the reporter, \”Friends introduced me to do rider, I I have promised without hesitation. Now the monthly salary can have average of 78,000 yuan, which is much higher than before in the factory. \”
Hungry is hungry? Start, with your own efforts, I have a small captain, site management personnel, is now being struggling to be a webmaster. \”When I started to be a rider, I was not familiar with the business. One month, the income of 3 or 4,000 yuan was also doubled for more than two years. I was quite satisfied with this job.\” Xia Hong laughed Say.
Young, most of which come from rural and income than the average income of migrant workers is a significant feature of the group of take-out riders. The US Survey report shows that in 2020, 471.7 million riders have received income in the US group platform, and 77% of rider came from rural, and the rider has become an important channel for migrant workers.
Which age group is in the rider?
The study found that the rider mainly served in the young male migrant workers, with an average age of 30.6 years old, compared with the average age of migrant workers in my country (41.4 years old). Among them, the 40-year-old and below the comparison of 88.2%, 38.8 percentage points from the agenda in the same period in my country’s migrant workers, indicating that the flexible employment represented by the rider is favored by the young generation of migrant workers. When I was hungry, the \”2020\” 00 \”Yue Knight Report\” showed that the number of \”00\”, \”after the new joys, the number of\” 00 \”0000,\” \”
How about the rider income?
The data released by the National Bureau of Statistics shows that in 2020, the migrant workers have income of 40,72 yuan. From the questionnaire survey of the US Mission Research Institute, the current national rider has a monthly income of 4,950.8 yuan, of which a rider has a monthly income of 5887.0 yuan, and the public bag is income.4557.2 yuan, all higher than the national farmers. Compared to manufacturing, migrant workers, riders, riders have a certain advantage.
What work before the rider?
US Mission Research Institute questionnaire survey results, 24.8% of the rider \”in the factory\”, 6.9% of the rider work in the construction, decoration site, 0.5% of the rider in the construction of farmers, the rest 67.8 % Is mostly engaged in catering, commerce, etc. in the tertiary industry. According to the person in charge of the US group, the migrant workers who have been engaged in the third industry have continued to rise, and the rider has consistently consistent with the industrial flow path of migrant workers, that is, the labor force flows to three production.
\”Although the income is higher than ever, it is more.\” Xia Hongliang said that in the industry in the rider, more work is more consensus. \”No matter which line, I don’t work hard, especially the rider, the list is more, the order is more flexible, and the natural income is high. Although it is hard, every time I heard the customer say ‘Thank you, I feel value. \”
Flexible employment faces many challenges
Why do you have a rider? In the interview, the rider has said a lot of reasons for the reporter: there is a failure of the entrepreneurship, but there is a dining shop but find that it is not as good as a takeaway, and there is also an e-commerce, part-time … but they all say, flexible Professional features that are more stable, free, and more stable are the most attractive places where the rider work is.
In order to take care of young children, 4 years ago, the 30-year-old Wang Hao went to a clothing store shopping guide to work, and the entrance US group platform made a takeaway rider. \”Compared with other work, the current work is very suitable for me, time is relatively free, Gu family earns two incorrect.\” Wang Wei is very optimistic about this profession, \”I have entered nearly 10,000 colleagues, I have a monthly income 5000 Yu Yuan is relatively low. But every day can pass the child, and make money, I am very content. \”
This year, the government work report proposed, support all kinds of labor markets, talent markets, zero work market construction, wide Open an employment door, create more fair employment opportunities for people who have their wishes. The \”Tenth Five-Year Plan\” and the 2035 long-term target program also proposed, establishing a promotion of entrepreneurship, multi-channel flexible employment mechanism. The current sales of the current takeaway platform continues to develop, from a side indicating that new formats and new employment forms meet the trend of economic transformation and social development. However, there are many uncomfortability between the new employment forms and the current labor relationship and social security system, facing many challenges.
29-year-old hungry, take-away rider, Xiao Yong said to reporters, \”I am now a small captain, with an average of more than 50 orders per day, the month has more than 9,000 yuan.\” He said that the family is very Support him this job, but there are concerns. \”We always run on the road, family worry about my personal safety and health problems. Like our outsourcing staff, there are many social insurance.\”
Just like Xiao Yong said, there are many riders at leastOutsourcing, not the official staff of platform companies, most of them do not participate in pension insurance, medical insurance, unemployment insurance, and work injury insurance. The rider should shuttle every day, and the risk of injury is high.
It is worth paying attention to the survey, whether the impact of paying social security on the work satisfaction of the rider is not big, and will result in a reduction in hand salary after paying social security, and there are some obstacles in different regional social security, some rider and Don’t want to participate in social insurance.
Professor, China University of Political Science and Law, Zhu Yu, said that the Social Law Research Institute said that in the face of the diversity of the flexible employees such as the rider, it should explore flexible and in line with the interests of the laborer. It does not affect the new labor security system for new economic compaction development. In addition, how to protect the individual safety issues of the rider should also attach importance to the professional characteristics of the rider. While guiding it more pays more attention to their own safety, drive the platform to formulate reasonable work requirements, work specifications, and work injury.
\”At present, the platform is actively participating in the development of the flexible employee occupational injury protection, the security of the net approximation of labor rights and interests, and actively promotes the establishment of a new social security system for digital economy, flexible employment. \”The relevant person in charge of the US Mission expressed the reporter.
Expectly been improved social protection
June 30 Guarantee draws a roadmap.
\”Planning\” proposed, promoting the basic endowment insurance of employees to fully cover the full coverage of the legal group, and the flexible employment personnel who have attached to social insurance in employment, actively promote the will, payment ability Flexible employment personnel and new employment form practitioners and other participants in the basic endowment insurance.
Further, explore the establishment of a multi-level industrial injury insurance system. The study improves the relevant system and supporting methods of work injury insurance, focusing on high-risk industries, continuously expanding the coverage of work injury insurance. Promoting the platform flexible employees occupational injury protection work. Adapt to the characteristics of new state applications in my country, formulate professional injury protection trial methods, and promote the pilot of the platform flexible employment personnel occupational injury protection.
The expert believes that this indicates that the relevant government departments have worked on social security issues that include flexible employment groups, including riders. The relative improvement of protection is in line with the actual, and the operability policy measures are expected to introduce in the next few years, escorting the rider.
In addition to policy support, the platform is also giving rider in all aspects, launching various guarantees. Hungry, the relevant person in charge, as of May this year, is hungry, it has launched more than 30,000 blue knocks in the country, united merchants, shopping malls, etc. provide room for outdoor workers to rest, drink water, and charging space. Will it be closely linked to the National Federation of Trade Unions, and the resources of both parties will be closed.And product operation, continuously optimize the use and management mechanism of the station point bit.\”Next, we will continue to enhance the scope of the rider and the security of the guarantee, strengthen safety and publicity, let the rider make money, safely go home.\” Hungry, the person in charge said.
In terms of cavalry career development, there are many efforts to do with different career development appeals.The relevant person in charge of the US group introduced that the US Group launched the \”Webmaster Training Plan\”, campaign to promote the internal promotion of the rider career system; on the other hand, there is a regulated rider to the career development plan, continue to improve the transfer channel, currently more than 100 ridersTransfer partner trainer, partner operation supervisor and other positions.\”Subsequent, the US group will build a more scientific vocational training and growth system for the rider, helping the majority of riders to achieve higher quality employment.\” The person in charge said.(Reporter Kong Deochen)
Source: People’s Daily Overseas Edition